Earlier than Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, engulfed in flames on Monday, a number of heritage websites world wide have been both utterly or partially destroyed by fires. Listed here are some examples.
Brazil’s Nationwide Museum
In a single day Sept. 2-3, 2018, Brazil’s Nationwide Museum, north of Rio de Janeiro, was ravaged by an enormous hearth.
Latin America’s largest pure historical past and anthropology museum held greater than 20 million artifacts and 530,000 titles.
The museum was significantly reputed for the richness of its paleontology division with greater than 26,000 fossils, together with a dinosaur skeleton found in Brazil’s central Minas Gerais.
A number of specimen of species that disappeared within the blaze included big sloths and sabre-toothed tigers.
Venice opera home
In 1996, Venice’s celebrated opera home La Fenice was gutted by hearth.With its near-perfect acoustics, La Fenice, opened in 1792, was one of the vital lovely opera homes on this planet and one of the vital well-known within the historical past of opera.
Two electricians had been sentenced to 6 and 7 years in jail on negligence prices.
It reopened in 2004.
Barcelona opera home
In 1994, the Gran Teatre del Liceu, Barcelona’s world-famous opera home was destroyed by hearth.
Certainly one of Spain’s cultural jewels, the 150-year-old theater was gutted in a blaze through which solely the lobby and the horseshoe arch over the auditorium had been left standing. It has since been reconstructed.
A significant hearth at Windsor Citadel, west of London, on Nov. 20, 1992, destroyed the northeastern a part of the royal web site, the queen’s weekend residence.
9 of the rooms had been left unrecognizable by the hearth, which began within the former Chapel Royal when a lighting projector too near a curtain began the blaze throughout routine upkeep work.
It took 250 firefighters working 15 hours and pumping greater than 6.5 million liters (1.6 million gallons) of water to deliver the blaze below management.
The Citadel reopened to the general public in 1997 after 5 years of restoration.
Bosnia’s Nationwide Library
Bosnia’s 19th century Nationwide Library was destroyed within the war-time siege of town of Sarajevo, in a single day on 25-26 Aug. 1992.
It had housed some two million books, previous scripts, pictures and transcripts earlier than it was shelled by Serb forces who stored Sarajevo below a three-and-a-half-year lengthy siege.
Just some 10% of its sources had been saved from the ensuing hearth.
Reconstruction works, part-financed by the European Union, started in 1996 and the brand new library was inaugurated in 2014.
Geneva’s Grand Theater
In 1951, the Grand Theater of Geneva in Switzerland, constructed within the 19th century, was devastated in a fireplace that started throughout the preparation for a efficiency of Richard Wagner’s “The Valkyrie.”
It reopened in 1962.